Are Squirrels Herbivores [Know The Facts]

Spread the love

Squirrels eat nuts, seeds from birds, and plant matter. So, are squirrels herbivores, or do they sometimes act as carnivores by eating meat?

Generally speaking, squirrels are not herbivores. In actuality, the majority are omnivores because they eat both meat and plant matter. Although they are little mammals with razor-sharp incisors that are ideal for cracking open nuts and seeds, most of what they eat are plants.

Ground squirrels occasionally eat fungus, buds, spiders, and beetles, depending on the species. Some of them sometimes even destroy microscopic creatures like mice. To learn more about squirrels’ dietary habits, read the entire article.

Are Squirrels Herbivores

Are Squirrels Omnivores?

The proof is in this Video!!

Yes, Squirrels are omnivores; that is, they eat both plants and meat. Squirrels eat fungus, seeds, nuts, and fruits in addition to eggs, creepy crawlies, larvae, farm mammals, and even baby snakes.

Due to their adaptations, squirrels can eat a wide variety of foods, including seeds, nuts, insects, eggs, and other small rodents. Like all omnivores, they thrive best when they eat plants and animals. Squirrels are omnivores, try leaving some suet or mealworms outside near your backyard squirrels’ easy access.

The plant matter that squirrels are known to eat seems to be more appealing to them than meat. Although it has not been shown for all squirrel species, eating animal remains is typically the last choice when food supplies are limited. This could be during the spring when the foods squirrels eat haven’t fully developed.

Can Squirrels Be Carnivorous?

No, squirrels do not have canines, Feed a cat a carrot or some lettuce; they can’t extract any energy from these vegetables because they can’t break them down into glucose.

But squirrels can because they have the digestive enzymes needed to break down carbohydrates. Strict carnivores, like members of the cat family, lack these enzymes.

Obligate carnivores cannot produce the amino acids needed to create proteins because they cannot produce amylase. They must rescue them from their victim.

Squirrels cannot extract different nutrients from non-plant sources like other predators. Bears and raccoons are two more omnivorous members of the order Carnivore. Their adaptations allow them to live off a meat and veggies diet. They must have both to survive, but squirrels do not, making them not predatory.

Is A Grey Squirrel A Herbivore?

Yes, Grey squirrels eat pine cones, beryl nuts, fruits, and ringworm, mate and start shooting, and even bark. They will eat insects, small rodents, bird eggs, and baby birds when plant food is scarce, indicating an eating pattern.

In the autumn, squirrels gather nuts and seeds and bury them in various dispersed hiding places and caches around the forest. They may locate the caches weeks or months later, thanks to their keen sense of smell and well-developed spatial memory.

Nevertheless, many caches go uneaten every year, enabling the nuts and seeds to develop and spreading the tree’s roots throughout the forest.

Grey squirrels give birth twice a year, in May and June and December to February. The first litter, which contains two to six puppies, is born in February or March; the second, is in June or July. It takes 44 days for gestation to complete.

Are Red Squirrels Herbivores?

Red squirrels are “granivore-herbivores,” which means that while their diet can change significantly during the year, they primarily eat seeds from plants and trees. Food is easy to come by in the fall and winter when abundant fungi and tree seeds are large.

However, food might be sparser during the spring and summer when their diet includes plant buds, bulbs, flowers, wild fruits, berries, insects, and even bird eggs. On the forest floor, one can frequently see the remains of cones that squirrels have consumed.

Red Squirrels are active all year round since they don’t hibernate. The home of a squirrel is a “dry,” or a large, tightly woven ball of twigs. Its interior is lined with delicate materials like fir, moss, leaves, and grass. Dreys are often located on a branch fork near the tree stem, about two-thirds of the way up the tree.

Are Ground Squirrels Herbivores?

Ground squirrel’s food consists mainly of seeds, including acorns, barley, and oats. They eat fruit, eggs, insects, nuts, seeds, grains, roots, and tubers. It is well known that ground squirrels eat caterpillars, beetles, grasshoppers, and crickets.

Rats, worms, tiny gulls, locusts, wireworms, centipedes, Lepidoptera, roundworms, ants, insect eggs, and ages between 15 raccoons account for at least half of ground squirrel food.

Is A Grey Squirrel A Herbivore?

Grey squirrels are mainly herbivorous. The grey squirrel’s diet primarily consists of nuts and acorns but also includes seeds, fruits, mushrooms, tree buds, and blossoms.

They rarely eat insects, bird eggs, and even fledgling birds. Squirrels save mast for the winter by burying it in the fall.

Are Douglas Squirrels Herbivores?

No, Douglas squirrels are not herbivores. Douglas’ squirrels are omnivorous. They primarily eat fungus and conifer seeds.

 Additionally, they eat conifer pollen cones and cambium, mast, twigs, sap, leaves, and buds. Occasionally, they may eat arthropods, bird eggs, and nestlings. Both on the ground and in trees, they forage.

Douglas’ squirrels lay their eggs in mature conifer stands. Nests are found in old woodpecker nests, sometimes in rock caves, and cavities in trees and snags.

They use shredded bark and grass to line their nest. They may construct a nest in a tree’s limbs out of grass, twigs, leaves, or moss if no holes are available.

What Are Some Advantages For Squirrels Of Being Omnivores?

For squirrels, being an omnivore has its benefits. One benefit is that it enables them to digest a wider variety of foods, which is crucial when their favorite food sources are in short supply.

Additionally, it allows them to shift their meals and adapt to various habitat types. For instance, squirrels can survive in locations with few trees by eating insects and other small animals.

Last but not least, omnivore squirrels are less prone to illness than their specialist counterparts. This results from their better immune systems, which can resist a broader range of pathogens.

In conclusion, the ability to eat plants and animals is an evolutionary benefit that has allowed squirrels to flourish in various habitats.

What Are The Advantages Of Squirrels Of Being A Herbivore?

For squirrels, there are benefits to being a herbivore. One is that they have a wide variety of plant-based cuisine. This is highly advantageous when other food sources are scarce in the winter.

Additionally, plants are a comparatively low-maintenance food source since they don’t need to be hunted or prepared. Additionally, herbivores like squirrels typically have better overall health than their carnivorous counterparts since plants are a rich source of nutrition.

So, the next time you see a squirrel enjoying nuts or berries, remember that they are also reaping the rewards of being a herbivore and enjoying a wonderful meal!

What Are A Few Advantages For Squirrels Of Being A Carnivore?

The benefits of being a carnivore are substantial for squirrels. For starters, it implies that they can eat other creatures and acquire all the required protein and nutrients. This is crucial because it keeps them strong and healthy.

Furthermore, since they are carnivores, squirrels are not forced to compete with other animals for food. This is because there are typically enough animals for everyone to eat without conflict over resources.

Squirrels also have a competitive advantage in reproduction because they are carnivores. This is because females often only mate with males, which can give them a reliable source of food.


The truth is that squirrels are omnivores, even though most people conceive of them as rodents that eat nuts and seeds. But they eat both plants and animals in their diet.

The fact that squirrels can eat almost everything is one of the reasons they can live in such a variety of settings. Squirrels eat a variety of foods in addition to nuts and seeds, including insects, eggs, fruits, and even small mammals.

Although some people might not enjoy the thought of eating bugs, squirrels benefit from it. Protein, which is crucial for these animals to keep healthy and active, may be found in plenty of insects.


Twining, J. P., Montgomery, W. I., Price, L., Kunc, H. P., & Tosh, D. G. (2020). Native and invasive squirrels show different behavioral responses to the scent of a shared native predator. Royal Society Open Science, 7(2).

Goldberg, A. R., Conway, C. J., Tank, D. C., Andrews, K. R., Gour, D. S., & Waits, L. P. (2020). Diet of a rare herbivore based on DNA metabarcoding of feces: Selection, seasonality, and survival. Ecology and Evolution, 10(14), 7627-7643.