Do Squirrels Live In Groups [Reasons to Know]

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There are over 270 species of squirrels found all over the world. Squirrels are extremely territorial and vocal. They make a lot of noise during mating season and breed twice a year. But, you may be curious to know do squirrels live in groups.

The majority of adult squirrels prefer to live alone and avoid living in groups unless they are mating. Moreover, the cold weather causes these normally solitary creatures to behave differently. A group of squirrels called scurry.

Two adult squirrels can live together for a few days for breeding after the male squirrel leaves. Read the article to find out more about the living habit of squirrels.

Squirrels Habitat Chart
Squirrels Habitat Chart

Squirrels Living Habitat

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Except for Australia and Antarctica, squirrels can be found on every continent. Tree squirrels can be found in a variety of habitats, including woodlands and city parks.

Ground squirrels live in underground tunnel systems. During the winter, some squirrels hibernate in underground tunnels to keep warm.

Flying squirrels live in tree hollows or nests built into branch crooks. Flying squirrels spread their muscle membrane between their legs and bodies and float through the air to move from tree to tree or from plant to the ground.

Red squirrels require a variety of woodland habitats, including conifer forests and broadleaf woodland. To survive, they require a lot of well-maintained woodlands where they can feed, nest, and reproduce.

Grey squirrels can be found in areas with a lot of oak, hickory, and walnut trees, as well as other trees that provide them with a variety of other readily available nuts.

Do Red Squirrels Live In Groups?

Red Squirrel
Red Squirrel

No, Red squirrels do not live in groups they are physically inactive, solitary, and promiscuous. Males leave their territories during the mating season. A female allows their invasion of her territory while in ovulation.

Breeding seasons can last from January to September, with the best months being February-March and June-July. Depending on where you live. They mates only once while in estrus and will mate with the most notable male in the territory.

They are more aggressive than the Eastern Gray Squirrel, despite their smaller size, and will end up chasing the larger Gray out of its territory. and they are half the size of the grey squirrel, measuring about 12 inches from nose to tail tip and weighing about 5 1/2 ounces.

Red squirrel activity reaches its peak at dusk on the hottest midsummer days. Being arboreal and nocturnal, red squirrels frequently go unnoticed in the trees due to the thick undergrowth.

Do Flying Squirrels Live In Groups?

Southern Flying Squirrel

Yes, Northern flying squirrels live in a group of up to eight adults and juveniles and share nests on occasion. Independent flying squirrels form single-sex groups during the winter to stay warm. On the ground, flying squirrels are clumsy, but they can glide delicately up to 160 feet between trees.

In the summer immediately following birth, flying squirrels reproduce. Courtship flying squirrels start in March and last until late May. Every year, a single litter is born, and the female is responsible for raising the young on her own. Early spring is the time for mating, and a 37–42 day pregnancy follows.

Males are territorial, but females are not. When food and shelter are plentiful, one hectare can contain up to ten squirrels.

Flying squirrels’ main predators include owls, falcons, martens, weasels, raccoons, and domestic cats. They avoid predators primarily by remaining nocturnal and remaining alert and agile in the trees.

Do Ground Squirrels Live In Groups?

Ground Squirrels

Yes, ground squirrels live in groups that can grow to be quite large if left unchecked. They live in groups of two to twenty or more in underground burrows. In the cooler months, they are active in the morning or evening on warm days and during sunny spells.

Ground squirrels seek shelter in their burrows during high winds. Their burrow system may have several openings with dispersed soil in front.

In the spring, females give birth to a single litter with an average of 8 children. When young ground squirrels are about 6 weeks old, they emerge from their burrow.

The length, depth, and diameter of a ground squirrel’s burrows range from 5 to 30 feet, depending on the species. The ground squirrels have their own underground homes where they can hide out, rest, hibernate, raise their kids, and store food.

Do Gray Squirrels Live In Groups?

Gray Squirrels

No, gray squirrels do not live in groups they prefer living alone. During the summer, grey squirrels primarily use leaf nests, also referred to as dreys. While two Eastern grey squirrels will occasionally share a leaves nest if the temp decreases, these nests are usually designed for one squirrel.

Most adults have multiple nests during insect infestation. They construct these nests in the fork formed by a tree branch and the tree’s main trunk, up to 30 feet above the ground and well hidden by the warmer months’ foliage.

Eastern grey squirrels can reproduce twice a year, but younger mothers typically have only one litter/per year in the spring. Older and more seasoned females may breed once more in the summer depending on forage availability.

Do Tree Squirrels Live In Groups?

Tree Squirrels

No, tree squirrels do not live in groups adult tree squirrels usually live alone, but during cold spells, they may nest in groups. A dray is a group of tree squirrels. 

Male and female squirrels live together, but once the mating frenzy subsides, the males and females separate. After a few days, the female must care for the litter while the male returns to his territory and daily activities. 

Tree squirrels have interesting mating behaviors because the female squirrel chooses which male will copulate with her and father the offspring.

Do Fox Squirrels Live In Groups?

Fox Squirrels

Yes, fox squirrels live in small family groups, with overlapping home ranges. They are not territorial, but they will defend their food and nesting sites from other squirrels. Fox squirrels spend the majority of their time burying nuts for the winter in the early morning and late afternoon.

During the day, the majority of fox squirrels spend their time in trees. Fox squirrels can mate at any time of the year, but the majority of mating takes place during the two mating seasons from December-February and the other from May to June. Female fox squirrels ovulate in mid-December-early January, and then again in June.

How Many Squirrels Usually Live Together?

Squirrels typically nested in groups of two-nine individuals and shared their nests throughout the year, with the majority of cases occurring in the autumn and winter. Squirrels and other squirrels of the same species share dreys.

The nest boxes are shared by American Reds squirrels and Greys squirrels. Nest boxes are shared simultaneously by these two. When the Red squirrels are not present, Greys will use their nests, and vice versa.

Do Squirrels Stay Together As A Family?

Squirrels are solitary creatures. They do not live in a two-parent household. If a baby squirrel is too young to leave the nest and must live with its brothers and sisters and mother that is the only time it will ever have with other squirrels.

When female squirrels attract male squirrels during the mating season, their relationship lasts only until the female is pregnant. After mating, the males separate from the females and depart to resume their daily activities.

The pregnant female squirrel will spend a brief amount of time in her nest, also known as a drey, after mating.

Occasionally, a male squirrel will protect a female squirrel that is pregnant until she gives birth, at which point he will depart for his region.

Do Male And Female Squirrels Live Together?

Yes, male and female squirrels live together but only during the mating period. Squirrels are social creatures that interact with other squirrels in their immediate surroundings. Male and female tree squirrels, however, have different nesting habits. During the winter, males can be seen nesting together.

Some female squirrels, like fox squirrels, don’t typically nest with each other. A single male or a group of males chases a female during the squirrel mating ritual. Males compete with one another by chasing one another. Males who typically mate with females first are the most dominant. After that, the female may mate with additional suitors.


Squirrels are found in over 270 different species around the world. Squirrels are fiercely territorial and extremely vocal. Scurry refers to a group of squirrels. After the male squirrel leaves, two adult squirrels can live together for a few days to breed.

Except for Australia and Antarctica, squirrels can be found on every continent. Tree squirrels can be found in a variety of environments, such as woodlands, underground tunnels, tree hollows or nests, and so on.

Tree squirrels, grey squirrels, and red squirrels do not prefer to live in groups; instead, they prefer to live alone, unless they are mating. While Flying Squirrels live in small family groups with overlapping home ranges, ground squirrels and fox squirrels do not. They live in groups ranging from two to twenty people or more.

Male and female squirrels coexist, but only during mating season. Squirrels are social animals who interact with other squirrels in their immediate environment.


Claire D. Stevenson-Holt, William Sinclair, Assessing the geographic origin of the invasive grey squirrel using DNA sequencing: Implications for management strategies, Global Ecology and Conservation, Volume 3, 2015

Hardouin, E.A., Butler, H., Cvitanović, M. et al. Wildlife conservation in a fragmented landscape: the Eurasian red squirrel on the Isle of Wight. Conserv Genet 22, 571–583 (2021)